Moku Hanga is a technique best known for its use in the ukiyo-e artistic genre of single sheets, but it was also used for printing books in the same period. 
Woodblock printing had been used in China for centuries to print books, long before the advent of movable type, but was widely adopted in Japan during the Edo period (1603–1868).
Although similar to 
woodcut in Western printmaking in some regards, the mokuhanga technique differs in that it uses water-based inks—as opposed to western woodcut, which often uses oil-based inks.
The Japanese water-based inks provide a wide range of vivid colors, 
glazes, and transparency.